Speaking about performance enhancement... there is a concern about performance enhancement in academia - both from the student side - do better on tests, and from the professor side - work harder for scientific recognition - a very competitive area.
Most people would agree that to give memory enhancement drugs to help sick or elderly people is fine - but the objective was not to use them on healthy people to improve their performance. As we move into an "on demand" society, some people do not see why we cannot have self-improvement on demand. Especially if the means to do so are readily available. Somehow the relationship between struggle to improve and building of character is getting lost. Good article on the subject with lots of links here. Education is about learning, and should not be about performance. As we are going to have to retrain continuously and move into lifelong learning, it will not be about passing one test or checking a box, but really turning the journey into the end.